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Online platforms, culture and regulation issues in Africa

Since January 2020, the IFCCD has partnered with the Groupe de recherche sur l’intégration continentale, attached to the Centre d’études sur l’intégration et la mondialisation (CEIM) of the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), to produce an international watch on culture and e-commerce.

The November report first analyzes the new proposals on the regulation of online platforms prepared by South Africa. Second, it focuses on the new strategies carried out by Netflix in the African continent and the place of regional online competitors. Third, it highlights a link in Netflix strategies between India and several African countries. Fourth, it emphasizes the concerns expressed by business groups regarding the new digital tax legislation of Mexico. Finally, it presents a state of play of ongoing discussions for the elaboration of three international instruments: a recommendation on ethics of artificial intelligence within the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); the e-commerce negotiations within the World Trade Organization (WTO); and the negotiations on digital taxation within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).   

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Global online platforms, the winning actors of the great lockdown? The case of the music industry

Since January 2020, the IFCCD has partnered with the Groupe de recherche sur l’intégration continentale, attached to the Centre d’études sur l’intégration et la mondialisation (CEIM) of the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), to produce an international watch on culture and e-commerce.

The fifth edition analyzes the effects of the great lockdown on the strategies of global online platforms in the music industry.

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Online platforms and culture: the winning actors of the great lockdown?

Since January 2020, the IFCCD has partnered with the Groupe de recherche sur l’intégration continentale, attached to the Centre d’études sur l’intégration et la mondialisation (CEIM) of the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), to produce an international watch on culture and e-commerce.

The fourth edition examines how the great lockdown has increased the power of video-on-demand platforms in the global cultural market.

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Culture, platforms and machines: the impact of artificial intelligence on the diversity of cultural expressions

Report by Mr Kulesz for the 12th session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

Artificial intelligence (AI) can help to empower numerous creators, make the cultural industries more efficient and increase the number of artworks, which is in the interest of the public.

However, there are still very few artists and entrepreneurs that know how to use tools such as machine learning. In addition, the commercial logic of the large platforms may lead to increasing concentration of supply, data and income and to the impoverishment of cultural expressions in the long term.

In a tech world dominated by the United States and China –and to a lesser extent by Europe, Israel, Canada, Japan and the Republic of Korea –there is a risk of fomenting a new creative divide, which would result in the increasing decline of developing countries.

The lack of inclusion of culture in national AI strategies –in both the North and South –could mean that countries no longer have any cultural expressions of their own, which would end up damaging the social fabric.

It will be essential to develop strategies that go beyond a merely abstract code of ethics and design public policies to ensure that AI systems –and the actors that exploit them –are auditable and accountable.

Far from settling for a marginal role in the discussions on AI, the creative sector must claim its place with greater vigour.

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